Biology Of Coffee, How Coffee Affects The Brain, Body, And Health

From the time coffee was first introduced to the world till today, this beverage has gone through a lot. A lot is going on in various forums about the pros and cons of coffee. With time not only the conclusion from these debates have changed, but also coffee has evolved in various varieties such as Easy dip Coffee, Instant Coffee.

These variants of coffee such as easy dip and instant coffee usually come in handy when you are running late for your early Monday meetings, or are too lazy to leave your bedside. However, have you ever felt about how coffee influences your body? What exactly is the biology of this amazing beverage that is ruling the world? Be it instant coffee, Easy dip Coffee or any other variant, if taken in a suitable amount, leaves a positive impact on your body. Let's explore how.

Ingredients of Coffee:-

We all know the major ingredient of coffee is caffeine. However, apart from this, there are many other ingredients such as tannin, fixed oil, carbohydrates, and antioxidants. The presence of chromium and magnesium in coffee helps in controlling blood sugar. If we talk about the carbohydrates present, mostly coffee contains cellulose and polysaccharides in the form of carbohydrates.

The acid present includes both volatile and non-volatile acids. The list of volatile acids includes formic acids and acetic acids whereas the category of non-volatile acids includes lactic, tartaric, pyruvic and Citric acid. Chlorogenic acids are the main rich acids of coffee.

In some minor proportions, we can also find malonic, succinic, glutaric and malic acid.

Apart from the above-mentioned components, the aroma profile of coffee is composed of phenol.

Every variety of coffee from easy dip Coffee, instant coffee to cold brew, latte, and green coffee consists of the above-mentioned ingredients, however, the amount may be different in each one of them.

Effect on the human body:-

Coffee is mostly known for keeping you fresh and awake. Hence it's obvious that it must be having some stimulating effect on the brain and the body.


If we talk about the effect of coffee on the brain, Caffeine present in coffee helps us feel alert, focused, happy and energetic even when we haven't slept much. Caffeine keeps us awake by blocking one of the body's key sleep-inducing molecules, called adenosine. It decreases the risk of diseases such as Alzheimer and Parkinson's and also helps in fighting depression. Caffeine present also helps in fighting against anxiety and drowsiness.


Next, if we see how it affects our heart, various studies suggest that coffee is good to keep your heart away from cardiac diseases. In fact with the right amount of coffee intake, 80% of heart disease can be prevented.


It also develops a protective layer for your heart. Various research shows that coffee drinkers maintain the liver enzyme level in a healthy bracket in comparison to the people who don't consume coffee.


Coffee is known to stimulate the movement of the muscle in the colon and hence is helpful to treat constipation. It helps in maintaining regular bowel movements, as it helps in metabolism. But make sure the intake is not too much as too much muscle movement can cause diarrhoea.


Just like everything, excess of everything including coffee can be bad. So, in general, coffee is not bad. It depends on you how and in what quantity you consume it. If you are not too much dependent on that, it's absolutely of no harm. Suitable intake of this favourite beverage can be good for you. It comes in numerous different varieties. You can always check which one is best for you and make the choice accordingly.

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